“Net carbs” and “impact carbs” are familiar phrases in ketogenic diets as well as diabetic diets. They are unregulated interchangeable terms invented by food manufacturers as a marketing strategy, appearing on some food labels to claim that the product contains less “usable” carbohydrate than is listed. [6] Net carbs or impact carbs are the amount of carbohydrate that are directly absorbed by the body and contribute calories. They are calculated by subtracting the amount of indigestible carbohydrates from the total carbohydrate amount. Indigestible (unabsorbed) carbohydrates include insoluble fibers from whole grains, fruits, and vegetables; and sugar alcohols, such as mannitol, sorbitol, and xylitol commonly used in sugar-free diabetic food products. However, these calculations are not an exact or reliable science because the effect of sugar alcohols on absorption and blood sugar can vary. Some sugar alcohols may still contribute calories and raise blood sugar. The total calorie level also does not change despite the amount of net carbs, which is an important factor with weight loss. There is debate even within the ketogenic diet community about the value of using net carbs.
This is a great list of Keto foods. I also try to choose higher quality food sources when they are available and my budget permits, such as grass fed meats and Kerry Gold butter, wild caught seafood, cage free eggs, and organic produce and oils as much as possible. When I travel and eat out, these higher quality options are generally less accessible, if at all. So I don’t sweat it. I just go with the flow. We just have to do what we can when we can. 🙂 Best wishes to all on your personal wellness journey!
The ketogenic or “keto” diet is a low-carbohydrate, fat-rich eating plan that has been used for centuries to treat specific medical conditions. In the 19th century, the ketogenic diet was commonly used to help control diabetes. In 1920 it was introduced as an effective treatment for epilepsy in children in whom medication was ineffective. The ketogenic diet has also been tested and used in closely monitored settings for cancer, diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Alzheimer’s disease.
I do want to point out an inaccuracy in your description of ketoacidosis. If a Type 1 diabetic “and/or does not eat enough carbohydrates,” they will not enter a state of ketoacidosis. It is the opposite. Ketoacidosis can occur if a diabetic consumes carbs without having enough insulin to allow the body to use glucose for energy. In contrast, not eating enough carbohydrates for insulin that was already injected causes hypoglycemia. 

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The ketogenic diet has been shown to produce beneficial metabolic changes in the short-term. Along with weight loss, health parameters associated with carrying excess weight have improved, such as insulin resistance, high blood pressure, and elevated cholesterol and triglycerides. [2,7] There is also growing interest in the use of low-carbohydrate diets, including the ketogenic diet, for type 2 diabetes. Several theories exist as to why the ketogenic diet promotes weight loss, though they have not been consistently shown in research: [2,8,9]

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A: The amount of weight you lose is entirely dependent on you. Obviously adding exercise to your regimen will speed up your weight loss. Cutting out things that are common “stall” causes is also a good thing. Artificial sweeteners, dairy, wheat products and by-products (wheat gluten, wheat flours, and anything with an identifiable wheat product in it). 

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Two years ago, LeBron James famously lost 25 pounds and upped his late-game endurance by cutting carbs and sugars from his diet. Tim Ferriss, the author of the Four-Hour self-improvement book series, followed a strict keto diet to cure his Lyme disease, and performs a long multi-day fast every four months as a means, he says, of pushing ketosis further and starving incipient pre-cancerous cells of sugar (more on that later). Last summer, Sami Inkinen, the ultrafit co-founder of real estate juggernaut Trulia, rowed with his wife from California to Hawaii in record time on a keto diet, to promote high-fat eating and raise awareness about the dangers of too much sugar. The Keto Diet, say its ardent supporters, is a natural way to literally reprogram your metabolism and transition to an upgraded operating system. You’ll ultimately feel better and perform better, and your body fat will plummet.

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This article just goes to show that NOBODY knows wtf they are talking about… For example first saturated fat is bad… years later they “find out” it is healthy… but maybe not? How can there be 2 opposing sides (with intelligent minds on each), about something as simple as what a human should eat?! My doctor told me to try the keto diet to help weight loss and improve my blood lab results. I’m only 2 weeks in but this is the easiest diet ive ever had in my life! I love everything I eat! I doubt our ancestors thrived off pasta, soda, candy, and all the processed boxed garbage the American diet consists of today. Their bread was nothing like the crap bread in stores now either. Fruit and starchy veggies are ok to eat however only in moderation. I’m just fed up with how nutritionist and scientists cant make up their mind about what a healthy diet is.

Here’s why. All of these effects take time, but a reasonable explanation as to why the keto diet leads to rapid weight loss is due to the loss of water weight. One of the concerns with the keto diet is the loss of muscle mass and the depletion of glycogen stores. Glycogen, which stores our glucose, also stores water, so when stores are depleted, we flush out excess water. In other words, that rapid weight loss isn’t fat, it’s just water.

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Bacon & Butter: The Ultimate Ketogenic Diet Cookbook turns these assumptions on its head by assessing how high-fat foods can be prepared in ways which are healthy and functional to one’s body. Hopefully, this book can subvert the myths around ketogenic diet and prove that eating healthy can consist of, as the title suggests, bacon and butter. But, let’s be honest, with a title like Bacon & Butter, it’s always going to appeal to a keto-er! Without a doubt, this is one of the best keto cookbooks on the market. 

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My submission is, that a healthy body – liver, pancreas, kidneys – know how to maintain the right balance and produce or dispose of fuel, either glycogen or ketones as needed. I disagree that glucose is the favorite fuel, it is only the easy fast fuel for the body, which has one great advantage – PERFORMANCE! Both muscle and brain, fast performance is fueled by carbs. But, for ENDURANCE, it is ketones which are the best fuel, and moreover, burning ketones leaves less waste to be disposed off. I think that for athletes, the challenge is how to find the right performance-endurance balance.

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This said, I do prefer low-carb balance compared to SAD. I can speculate a lot about SAD and about the non-discrimination of different carbs – like, lactose vs. fructose. It is only my opinion, that fructose has its value in the nutrition (black bears get body fat for hibernation eating fruits) yet somehow we miss to notice that naturally fructose had been available in humans’ diet only seasonally, while nowadays juices of all kinds are available year-round; not to mention fructose additives to sugar-rich products. And yes, fructose is addictive, and yes, this is part of the evolution for 200 thousand years of humans.
I recently went to a walk in lab and found that I have high cholesterol and I am pre-diabetic. However, I am well on my way to healing my body with nutrition and supplements. I was able to reverse all my pre-diabetic symptoms in a few days (brain fog, blurry vision, thirst, frequent urination) and I have amazing energy and mental clarity now. I’m losing weight without hunger or counting calories. I eat low carb produce, poultry, fish, nuts and dairy. I believe that the key to avoid diabetes is to drastically reduce or eliminate grains, sugar and any type of processed food or cured meat from your diet. For cholesterol, I take plant sterols/stanols before meals and tumeric & black pepper, fish and flax oil. I believe that everyone who eats meat should take plant sterols (Try Minute Maid Heart Smart OJ!). It is the ultimate preventative, because it is not usually not possible to reduce your cholesterol enough with diet and exercise alone.

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Abbey, I appreciate the article, it’s helped me come to a decision on KETO. I’ve been on KETO for over 3 months, I’m a woman of 55 and post menopausal with a good 40 lbs of fat to lose. I work out 3-5 per week at an intense level doing cardio, HIIT and weight training and I have NOT lost any weight (ok, a single pound). I am in Ketosis most of the time (testing often) and I’ve been eating 1,200 to 1,300 cals per day. My carb intake around 15-20 grams per day, Fat around 90 grams and protein was about 45 grams until I increased it after learning I had lost muscle mass confirmed on a SECA scale. 

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Total carbs is not a precise indicator of the carb content of a food. When you see “total carbs” on a food label, the number beside it represents the cumulative total of grams of dietary fiber, sugar, and sugar alcohol that are in that food item or beverage. Net carb content, on the other hand, relates to the carb content of the food that is digested at four calories per gram and impacts your ketones levels.

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